Some of the most popular sailing terminology that is used includes:
Astern – This stands for behind the boat.
Apparent wind – This is the speed and direction that is felt by the crew. It is created by the movement of the boat and can also be referred to as true wind.
Aloft – This means above the deck.
Alee – This refers to the leeward side.
About – This refers to the opposite track.
Buoy – Term used for the floating navigation marker
Broach – This means that you should turn sideways to the surf and wind.
Bow – This is the front part of the boat.
Boom – It is a spar that takes the foot part of the sail
Cutter – Single mastered aft and fore boat that has an outer jib and an inner stay sail.
Course – Direction the boat is steered measured in degrees
Close reach – Sailing between a beam reach and close haul as the wind blows the beam.
Close hauled – Boat sails close to the wind when the sails have been pulled in.
Downhaul – A rope that is used to haul down a spar or sail to set downward tension
Dagger board – This is a centerboard that does not feature a pivot.
Eye of the wind – This is the direction from which the wind is blowing from.
Furl – Tightly rolling up a sail
Foremast -This is the mast that is closest to the bow.
Fore and aft -Direction of the keel (lengthwise)
Galley – Kitchen found in the vessel
Genoa – Huge headsail that overlaps the mainsail
Grommet – Brass ring in a piece of canvas
Gunwales – Upper edges on the boats sides
Guy – Adjustable rope of the vessels rig
Headway – Moving in the forward direction.
Helm – This is a wheel
Hoist – Entire length of a luff
Hull – Boats body
In irons – To refuse to fall off
Jib – Triangular headsail set on the foremast forward
Jibsheet – Line used to control jib.
Keel – Centerline backbone on the boats bottom
Lee helm – Tendency of the boat swinging leeward
Leeward – Away from the wind
Line – Length of a rope that has specific use
Luff up – Turning the boats head to face the wind
Mainsheet – Line controlling the main boom
Make fast – Securing a line
Masthead – Top of a mast
Mast – Poles that hold the sails
On the wind – Close-hauled
Point – Heading close to the wind
Port – Left-hand side of the vessel
Port tack – When wind hits the port side first as the boat sails with main boom
Privileged vessel – A boat that has ROW (right of way)
Rigging – Securing sails and masts
Rudder – Wooden plate or vertical metal, whose movements steers the vessel
Run – Sailing with sheets eased out.
Running rigging – All the moving lines like halyards and sheets and are used to set and trim sails
Sheet – Line that controls movement of the boom
Ship shape – Seamanlike and neat
Spreaders – These are horizontal spars attached to the mast that extend the stays and shrouds to assist in supporting the mast.
Shrouds – Ropes or wires that support a mast laterally
Traveller – A slide used for altering the sheet angles
Tacking – Working to the windward side through sailing close-hauled on varying courses to distribute the wind on all the sides of the boat.
Trim – Adjusting angles of a sail
True wind – Speed and direction of wind felt when on land or stationery
Wake – A boat’s behind.
Weather side – The side of the boat where the wind blows
Waterline – Line along the hull where the boat floats
Weather – Opposite of leeward (windward)
Yankee – A fore-sail flying forward and above the jib, normally observed on bowsprit vessels.
Yarn – A sea tale
Zephyr – A gentle breeze
Zodiac – Name used to refer to an inflatable boat